Indonesian Investment Q1/ 2022

The Ministry of Investment/ Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM) recently published Q1/ 2022 Investment Realization data totalling IDR 282.4-trillion.

This is 28.5% higher than realization in the Q1/ 2021 and also 16.9% higher than realization in the previous quarter. The realization contributes 23.5% to the total target of IDR 1,200-trillion in 2022.

Bahlil Lahadalia said, “With an increase percentage of investment realization in Q1/ 2022, it shows that domestic and foreign investors’ trust is increasing toward government policies, especially in the investment policy.”

Based on Investment Reports, Domestic Direct Investment (DDI) growth in the Q1/ 2022 increased by 25.1%, from IDR 108-trillion in Q1/ 2021 to IDR 135.2-trillion. The transportation, warehouse and telecommunications sectors contributed most of the realization of domestic investment.

Meanwhile, in the same period, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased 31.8% compared to Q1/ 2021, from IDR 111.7-trillion to IDR 147.2-trillion. This was largely from the Basic Metals, Metals, Non-Machinery and Equipment Industry sector. As this sector plays a significant role it is President Joko Widodo’s policy to ban the export of raw materials from mining in order to promote down-streaming activities, particularly for the nickel processing industry.

The top five sectors contributing to FDI and DDI realization in Q1/ 2022 are:

  1. Metal Industry, Metal-Based Goods, Non-Machinery and Equipment Industry (IDR 39.7 trillion, 14.0%);
  2. Transportation, Warehouse, and Telecommunication (IDR 39.5 trillion, 14.0%);
  3. Mining (IDR 35.2 trillion, 12.5%);
  4. Housing, Industrial Estate, and Office Building (IDR 24.9 trillion, 8.8%); and
  5. Electricity, Gas, and Water Supply (IDR 23.1 trillion, 8.2%).

The manufacturing sector still plays a very important role in increasing Investment Realization and remains a driver of economic growth.

The Ministry of Investment/ BKPM documented the top five locations where FDI and DDI occurred as:

  1. Special Territory of Jakarta (IDR 40.4 trillion, 14.3%);
  2. West Java (IDR 39.5 trillion, 14.0 %);
  3. Riau (IDR 23.7 trillion, 8.4%);
  4. East Java (IDR 23.6 trillion, 8.4%); and
  5. Central Sulawesi (IDR 20.0 trillion, 7.1%).

As a reflection of economic equality in Indonesia, investment growth outside Java is currently quite stable and continues to increase significantly, reaching IDR 148.7-trillion in Q1/ 2022. It increased by 16.6% to IDR 127.5-trillion compared to Q4/ 2021. It is indicated by the existence of Riau and Central Sulawesi provinces as part of top five investment locations for FDI as well as DDI and contributed 8.4% and 7.1% to total Investment Realization.

The significant growth of investment outside Java for FDI in this quarter is shown by Central Sulawesi, which grew the fastest at 12.9% followed by Riau at 9.9% and North Maluku at 7.3%.

“I was ordered by the President to create inclusive and quality investment, where investment in Java and outside Java arranged in good proportions, the added value of natural and mineral resources was increased, as well as the growth of new economic in the region. For this reason, all units in the Ministry of Investment / BKPM with out of the box efforts in the context of achieving inclusive investment” explained Bahlil Lahadalia.

The top five countries of origin for FDI are:

  1. Singapore (USD 3.6-billion, 34.8%);
  2. Hong Kong (USD 1.5-billion, 15.0%);
  3. China (USD 1.4-billion, 13.2%),
  4. Japan (USD 0.8-billion, 8.0%); and
  5. United States Of America (USD 0.6-billion, 6.1%).

From the data above, it can be seen that in the last two quarters, the United States has entered the top 5 countries of origin for FDI, which proves the diversification of sources of origin that is not only focused on the East Asia region.



DDI Investment Realization in the Q1/ 2022 increased by 25.1 % compared to the same period in 2021 from IDR 108-trillion to IDR 135.2-trillion.

FDI Investment Realization in the Q1/ 2022 increased by 31.8 % compared to the same period in 2021 from IDR 111.7-trillion to IDR 147.2-trillion.

The highlights of the Investment Realization of DDI and FDI in Q1/ 2022 are:

1. Domestic Direct Investment Realization
DDI Realization based on the top five leading sectors:

  1. Transportation, Warehouse, and Telecommunication (IDR 27-trillion);
  2. Mining (IDR 18.4-trillion);
  3. Housing, Industrial Estate, and Office Building (IDR 17.5-trillion);
  4. Food Crops, Plantation, and Livestock (IDR 10.1-trillion); and
  5. Industrial Foods (IDR 9.7-trillion).

If all of those industrial sectors are combined, it shows that the industrial sectors contributed as much as IDR 25.6-trillion or 18.9% of the total DDI.

DDI Realization based on the  top five leading locations:

  1. Special Territory of Jakarta (IDR 22.9-trillion);
  2. West Java (IDR 21.2-trillion);
  3. East Java (IDR 15.4-trillion);
  4. East Kalimantan (IDR 10.2-trillion); and
  5. Riau (IDR 9.1-trillion).

2. Foreign Direct Investment Realization

FDI Realization based on the top five leading sectors:

  1. Metal, Metal Goods, Except Machinery and Equipment Industry (USD 2.6-billion);
  2. Mining (USD 1.2-billion);
  3. Electricity, Gas, and Water Supply (USD 1-billion);
  4. Transportation, Warehouse, and Telecommunication (USD 0.9-billion); and
  5. Chemical and Pharmaceutical Industry (USD 0.8-billion).

If all of those industrial sectors are combined, it shows that the industrial sectors contributed as much as USD 5.4-billion or equivalent to 52.9% of the total FDI Realization.

FDI Realization based on the top five leading locations:

  1. Central Sulawesi (USD 1.3-billion);
  2. West Java (USD 1.3-billion);
  3. Special Territory of Jakarta (USD 1.2-billion);
  4. Riau (USD 1.0-billion); and
  5. North Maluku (USD 0.7-billion).

FDI Realization based on the top five of countries of origin:

  1. Singapore (USD 3.6-billion, 34.8%);
  2. Hong Kong (USD 1.5-billion, 15.0%);
  3. China (USD 1.4-billion, 13.2%);
  4. Japan (USD 0.8-billion, 8.0%) and
  5. United States of America (USD 0.6-billion, 6.1%).

3. Distribution of Project Locations
In Q1/ 2022, Investment Realization in Java was equal to IDR 133.7-trillion and investment realization outside Java was equal to IDR 148.7-trillion. When compared to the same period in 2021, there was an escalation in Java by 26.9% and an increase in investment of outside Java by 30.0%.

4. Indonesian Labour Absorption
The realization of Indonesian labour absorption in the Q1/ 2022 reached 319,013-Indonesian labourers;  190,728-Indonesian labourers from DDI projects and 128,285-Indonesian labourers from FDI projects.

5. Regional Investment Realization: January – March 2022:

  1. Sumatra IDR 63.3-trillion (22.4%); IDR 33.7-trillion of DDI and USD 2.1-billion of FDI.
  2. Java IDR 133.7-trillion (47.3%); IDR 72.9-trillion of DDI and USD 4.2-billion of FDI.
  3. Kalimantan IDR 29.1-trillion (10.3%); IDR 19.4-trillion of DDI and USD 0.7-billion of FDI.
  4. Sulawesi IDR 31.7-trillion (11.3%); IDR 3.5-trillion of DDI and USD 2-billion of FDI.
  5. Bali and Nusa Tenggara IDR 8.2-trillion (2.9%); IDR 5-trillion of DDI and USD 0.2-billion of FDI.
  6. Maluku and Papua IDR 16.4-trillion (5.8%); IDR 0.7-trillion of DDI and USD 1.1-billion of FDI.


Source: BKPM Press Releases

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